Sochi, a fashionable resort area with humid subtropical climate
Sochi is almost unique among larger Russian cities as having some aspects of a subtropical resort. Apart from the scenic Caucasus Mountains, pebble and sand beaches, the city attracts vacation-goers with its subtropical vegetation, numerous parks, monuments, and extravagant Stalinist architecture. About two million people visit Greater Sochi each summer, when the city is home to the annual film festival "Kinotavr" and a getaway for Russia's elite.
Sochi, like russian's Miami, was established as a fashionable resort area under Joseph Stalin, who had his favorite dacha built in the city. Stalin's study, complete with a wax statue of the leader, is now open to the public. During Stalin's reign the coast became dotted with imposing Neoclassical buildings, exemplified by the opulent Rodina and Ordzhonikidze sanatoriums. The centerpiece of this early period is Shchusev's Constructivist Institute of Rheumatology (1927–1931). The area was continuously developed until the demise of the Soviet Union.
Currently, the city is divided into four areas: Adler, Hostinsky, Central and Lazarevsky. The district includes 11 rural districts (end of 1990.)
Sochi has wonderful natural environment that provide quality recreation: alpine meadows, snow-capped mountains , well equipped beaches , sea, sun , caves . In Sochi, you can relax not only the body but the soul , where you can be alone with nature. The resort can arrange a vacation for everyone from entertainment to active . No wonder Sochi glory summer capital. That's why Sochi and Adler reviews which is each self-respecting tourist resource, so popular among those who love the sea tour .
Geographical location of the resort Sochi resort stretches for 145 km along the Black Sea coast and 50 km from the coast to the Caucasus, the entire territory of the resort is covered mountains and foothills. Sochi - it is one of the southernmost cities in Russia. Its boundaries are: north-west - Tuapse district, south - east - Abkhazia, South - the Black Sea, north - Caucasus Mountains.
Sochi Dolphinarium "Aquatoria" is located in one of the most beautiful places in the Black Sea coast . It can be considered a landmark of two resorts in Sochi and Adler . Dolphinarium opened in 1998 . And since then has become a favorite holiday destination of tourists and locals . For 12 years Dolphinarium Sochi attended by over two million people.
Following Russia's loss of the traditionally popular resorts of the Crimean peninsula (transferred away from the Russian SFSR to the Ukrainian SSR in 1954 by Nikita Khrushchev), Sochi emerged as the unofficial summer capital of the country. During Vladimir Putin's term in office, the city witnessed a significant increase in investment, although many Russian holidaymakers still flock to the cheaper resorts of neighbouring Abkhazia (Georgia), Ukraine, or to the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Additionally, Sochi has also served as the location for the signing of many treaties, especially those between the Georgian, separatist Abkhazian, and separatist South Ossetian governing authorities.
Nature Monument " 33 waterfall on the creek Dzhegosh " is one of the most popular excursion sites Lazarevsky district of Sochi .
Today combine a holiday in Sochi with treatment Matsesty healing waters - an opportunity to realize that it became much easier, and it aims to make an increasing number of resort guests. Adults and children with thermal or chemical burns , expectant mothers , to get rid of infertility sentence , hardly moving patients of all ages , patients with high or low blood pressure, psoriasis or eczema - not a complete list of holidaymakers arriving on Matsesta purposefully from all over Russia .
Sochi is administratively subdivided into four city districts: Tsentralny City District, Lazarevsky City District, Khostinsky City District, and Adlersky City District. Tsentralny City District, comprising the city of Sochi proper, is by far the smallest out of four in terms of the area, and the other three have comparable areas, with Lazarevsky City District being the biggest. In terms of the population, Tsentralny City District is approximately twice as big as each of the other three city districts.
Sochi has a humid subtropical climate at the lower elevations. Its average annual temperature is 18.4 °C (65.1 °F) during the day and 11 °C (52 °F) at night. In the coldest months — January and February — the average temperature is about 10 °C (50 °F) during the day, above 3 °C (37 °F) at night and the average sea temperature is about 9 °C (48 °F). In the warmest months — July and August — the temperature typically ranges from 25 to 29 °C (77 to 84 °F) during the day, about 20 °C (68 °F) at night and the average sea temperature is about 23–24 °C (73–75 °F). Yearly sunshine hours are around 2,200. Generally, the summer season lasts six months, from May to October. Two months – April and November – are transitional; sometimes temperatures reach 20 °C (68 °F), with an average temperature of around 16 °C (61 °F) during the day and 9 °C (48 °F) at night. December, January, February and March are the coldest months, with average temperature (of these four months) 11 °C (52 °F) during the day and 4 °C (39 °F) at night. Average annual precipitation is about 1,700 millimeters (67 in). Sochi lies at 8b/9a hardiness zone, so the city supports different types of palm trees. Sochi is situated on the same latitude as Nice but strong cold winds from Asia make winters less warm. In fact, temperatures drop below freezing every winter for one or two days. The highest temperature recorded was 39.4 °C (102.9 °F), on July 30, 2000, and the lowest temperature recorded was -13.4 °C (7.9 °F) on January 25, 1892
Sochi is also known for its sport facilities: a local tennis school spawned the careers of such notable players as Grand Slam champions Maria Sharapova and Yevgeny Kafelnikov (Kafelnikov spent much of his childhood here, while Sharapova relocated to Florida at the age of seven). In late 2005, the Russian Football Union announced that it was planning to establish a year-round training center for the country's national teams in Sochi. The city's warm climate was cited as one of the main incentives. And it's home to FC Zhemchuzhina who play in the Russian First Division.
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