Katun ridge, Siberian Switzerland, the Altai Republic.
Katun Ridge - one of the most visited areas of the Altai and the perfect place for eco tourism.
Katun Range - a mountain range with a predominance of mountainous terrain in the Central Altai, the Altai Republic.
Its length is 150 km, the highest point - Mount Belukha (4506 m).
Composed granite and metamorphic schists.
In the central part of the ridge dominated alpine terrain.
To a height of 2000-2200 m grow larch and pine forests,
above - meadows, rocks and debris. On the slopes, there
are about 386 glaciers with a total area of 279 square Kilo.meters.
Here the glacier Gaebler originates Katun River.
Katun ridge stretches from west to east and 150 kilometers to the Ust-Koksinsky district,
on the southern borders of the Republic of Altai. It is the highest mountain range of the Altai,
the central part of which is within 15 kilometers of not lower than 4,000 m, and the average height
varies around 3200-3500 meters above sea level. Katun Argut range from the upper river to the west
and the Upper and Lower Kuragan in the east, is the highest point of 4506 m in the array Belukha.
Katun ridge complex granite and metamorphic schists. In the central part of the ridge dominated
alpine terrain. To a height of 2000-2200 m grow larch and pine forests, above - meadows, rocks
and debris. On the slopes, there are about 386 glaciers with a total area of 279 square meters.
km. Also Katun ridge is the watershed of the rivers Katun and Buhtarmy and runs along the border
of the watershed and the border between Russia and Kazakhstan. Alpine ridge tops match the type
of the Altai Mountains, with sharp peaks, with eternal snow and steep slopes.
From a geographical point of view, the ridge is located at the southern border of the Altai Republic. It is the highest mountain range of the Altai, the central part of which is within 15 kilometers of not lower than 4,000 meters, and the average height varies around 3200-3500 meters. Katun ridge is the watershed of the rivers Katun and Buhtarmy and runs along the border of the watershed and the border between Russia and Kazakhstan. Alpine ridge tops match type, with sharp peaks, with eternal snow and steep slopes.
Climate Katun ridge pretty cool. On Akkem lake at the foot of the Belukha average July temperature is + 7 degrees, in January - 21 degrees, and the summer night can fall snow. It should be taken into account and the changeable weather - just half an hour after the rain here can shine the sun, and the sky will be no clouds and vice versa. For Katun ridge, typical continental climate, which means a big difference between day and night temperatures.
Altai is mysterious, diverse, and delightfully unpredictable. It is called the Siberian Switzerland, but unlike the Alps, it is closed and almost uninhabited. It reveals its beauty only to those who really wants to see them. Because the way into the heart of this mountainous country is quite difficult and requires a lot of physical effort. And we need to listen to your soul and your heart, to merge with it together, tune in to the same wavelength, from the air to catch it its silver rays.
Yalden - one of the most beautiful waterfalls of Katun ridge
Almost all the routes to the highest point of Siberia, Mount Belukha begin in the village Tyungur. Here on the banks of the Katun tourist encounters here is such a charming and elegant representative of the order of birds, begging pieces of food, with no losing the bird merits.
Climate Katun ridge pretty cool, as in any mountainous area. On Akkem lake at the foot of the Belukha average July temperature is 7 degrees, -21 degrees in January, and the summer night can fall snow. Katun for proteins, as is also called Katun ridge, typical continental climate, which means a significant difference between day and night temperatures. Weather is changeable. Most rain falls in July and August.
From Katun ridge almost throughout descend massive glaciers. Overall, in the highlands of Katun ridge begins 350 glaciers with a total area of 283 square kilometers In the ridge are three node glaciation - Multinskoye, numbering about 148 glaciers covering nearly 80 square meters. km East from Katun river heads Kulagash, Kurkure and Kurusay has about 77 glaciers area of 40 square kilometers And the most important center of glaciation in the Katun proteins located on the slopes of the Belukha and the adjacent mountains. There are 169 glaciers with a total area of just under 150 square meters. km. The largest of these are the glaciers Sapozhnikov, Rodzevich, Big Berel, Gebler Tronova Brothers.
Almost all over, from the south, west and north, Katun Katun ridge encircles the deepest river-Altai, which originates from the glacier Gaebler (Katun) on the southern slopes of the White whale. To the east, almost closes the ring around the river Katun ridge Cox River, which flows into Argut then, and he in turn, Katun. Katun ridge crests are many tributaries watershed Katun. On the northern slopes of Katun ridge begins major tributaries Katun - Multi, Kuragan Kucherla, Akkem. These rivers, just like the Katun, have glaciers. In the color of their water is milky, which gives particles of solid material from the glaciers. Rivers are very cold. All the rivers are mountainous nature, with a large drop and powerful rapids. The only exception is in the area of Cox Uimon steppe, which slowly flows through the intermountain basin. River Katun ridge known for its waterfalls, different height and power, but always spectacular and beautiful. It is near and one of the largest waterfalls of Altai - it shestidesyatimetrovy waterfall Tekeli and tridtsatimetrovye Tegeek, gravel and Kokkol.
On the southern slopes of Belukha starts and inflow Buhtarmy - the river Belaya Berel. All the rivers are of the nature of mining, with a large drop and powerful rapids, the only exception is in the area of Cox Uimon steppe, which slowly flows through the intermountain basin. River Katun ridge known for its waterfalls, different height and power, but always spectacular and beautiful. It is near and one of the largest waterfalls of Altai - shestidesyatimetrovy waterfall Tekeli and tridtsatimetrovye Tegeek, gravel and Kokkol.
Lake Katun proteins is not inferior to the beauty of the lake Chui proteins. Are famous for their beauty Kucherla, Ak-Kem, and Talmene Multinsky lake. All alpine lakes affect tourists bright color water - turquoise, white, or vice versa, black. Rivers feeding the lake originates from glaciers - the consequence is that the water in rivers and lakes, cold and summer is not warmer than 10 degrees.
At Katun ridge spurs in Uimon steppes live Russian Old Believers, from the 17th century store and chtyaschie old Russian customs and traditions. They settled here after church persecution and many years of wandering, as a result of the split of the church under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov. To this day, the Old Believers, or Kerzhakov, as they are called, live in traditional Russian huts, five-wall, in their chests you can find traditional clothing for the Russian people, and in every house hangs an icon and a fire burning lamps. Of course, here you can see the real Russian oven - baked bread in it, drown milk, and the loft can sleep well. In the village of Upper Uymon the museum of the Old Believers, whose staff will be happy to talk about the customs and traditions of the Russian Old Believers, their lifestyle.
On the slopes of Katun ridge there is a great variety of vegetation. Larch and pine forest with shrubs honeysuckle, spirea Karagan and rise to the heights of 2000-2200 m above the alpine meadows, thickets of dwarf birch rotundifolia, even higher - the rock and scree. In the valleys of the rivers and lakes of many currant bushes, raspberries, berries (cranberries, blueberries) and fungi. In the forests there are sable, lynx, squirrel, wolf, and of birds, grouse, grouse, and occasionally there are snow leopards, Siberian ibex, deer.
Katun Ridge - one of the most visited areas of the Altai. Of course, the number of tourists here is ten times lower than in Belokurikha or tourist complexes Lower Katun, but among outdoor enthusiasts travel Katun Range always in high demand.
The reasons for such a high popularity is simple - first, the Katun Range - is one of the most beautiful places in the Altai, compared with which can, perhaps, only some parts of the North-Chu ridge, and secondly, here is the highest peak of Altai and Siberia - Belukha, beckoning travelers and nature lovers from all over the world.
Akkem Lake (translated from the Altai - white water) is located at the foot of Belukha, formed from the meltwater Akkem glacier. The lake has a whitish color, transparency, less than one meter, so no fish in it is not usual. The color lake gets suspended solids due to be submitted to the glacier. Flows out of the lake mountain river Akkem, which flows into the Katun.
Akkem Church of Archangel Michael was built at the foot of Belukha.
by rescuers and relatives of the dead climbers.
Building materials transported by helicopter. Money collected for the construction of tourists, climbers and just people from all over the country.
There quietly and peacefully, the door is always open. Once a year, are made of the priests - a former mountain climber.