Lake Taymyr is large, with a length of 165 km roughly east-to-west.
Lake Taymyr is large, with a length of 165 km roughly east-to-west. It has an irregular shape with many arms projecting in different directions that cover a wide region. Its maximum width, however, is only about 23 km in its broadest area which is towards the eastern end of the lake.
Lake Taimyr - the most northerly in the world now a large lake. It lies far above the Arctic Circle, at the foot of the mountains Byrranga. The northernmost point of the lake is at 76 ° north latitude. The lake stretches from west to east for 170 kilometers. In fact, Lake Taimyr - is much widened section of the Upper River
Lake Taymyr is covered with ice from late September until June. The main river flowing into its basin, from the west, is the Upper Taymyra. Other rivers flowing into it are the Zapadnaya, Severnaya, Bikada Nguoma, Yamutarida and Kalamissamo. The Lower Taymyra River flows out of the lake northwards across the Byrranga mountain region.
The tundra areas south of Lake Taymyr are full of smaller lakes and marshes. There are two quite large lakes east and southeast of the easternmost part of Lake Taymyr, which is Yamuneru Bay: 33 km east is Lake Kungusalakh, and 72 km southeast is Lake Portnyagino. Both lakes are about 20 km across.
The second largest after Lake Baikal in the Asian part of Russia. Lake Taimyr connected with the River Taimyr. To the confluence of the lake is called the Upper Taymyr (length 567 km), while leaving it - Lower Taimyr (187 km). Lake Taimyr - the most northerly in the world now a large lake. It lies far above the Arctic Circle, at the foot of the mountains Byrranga. The lake is covered with ice from late September to June. The water temperature in August +8 ° C, in winter - just above zero. On the shores of the lake - the polar station. Unique in the Taimyr Lake - lack of aquatic vegetation. The lake has a water complex of marine organisms and the Baikal complex. Appearance of the first due to flooding of the basin of the lake waters of the seas, and difficult to explain the origin of the second. Apparently, the organisms were here from the Yenisei River in the time of the hydrography of the region was quite different. For example, when the glacier water propped Pyasina and Yenisei, they merged into one huge lake. From him, and the remaining memory in the form of invertebrate fauna of Baikal Complex. Ranked Among the fish are found whitefish, cisco, whitefish, burbot, whitefish, grayling, cisco and others.
The bottom of Lake Taymyr even, but there are individual basins. Powered snow and rain. In summer the water warms up, the average August. temperatures up to seven degrees Celsius in the winter in deep water marked temperature slightly above one degree.
Some of the rivers originate from the mountain lakes, such as Lake Levinson-Lessing. Permanent settlements on the lake there. In Soviet times, there have only weather station. Now it deystvuet.Unikalnost Taimyr Lake is the lack of aquatic vegetation and the presence of living organisms in the water, the same as in the lake. The first is understandable flood basin of the lake waters of the seas. With respect to living organisms, it is likely that they came here from the Yenisei River in the time when the hydrography of the region was quite different. For example, when the glacier water propped Pyasina and Yenisei, they merged into one huge lake. From him, and the remaining memory in the form of invertebrate fauna of Baikal Complex.
Lake Taymyr is teeming with many kinds of fish typical of cold Arctic waters, like loach, sig, and muksun. But there is overexploitation of some fish species despite the remoteness of the area.
Slight plutonium contamination has been detected in the sediments of Lake Taymyr. This is perhaps a consequence of wind-carried particles after the numerous atmospheric nuclear tests in Novaya Zemlya during the Cold War.
Taimyr - amazingly beautiful and rough country. His heavily indented coastline, relief - diverse. It can be divided into three categories:
1. North Siberian Lowland (between the northern scarp Central Siberian Plateau and the southern slopes of the mountains Byrranga), composed of a thick layer of sand and clay deposits and is characterized by steeply sloping gently flat relief, is located in the northern part of Lake Taimyr.
2. Byrranga mountains stretch from the southwest to the northeast of the basin Pyasina to the Laptev Sea coast several parallel chains. Vsota them to 1146 meters. Traces of Quaternary glaciation in the eastern part - modern glaciation.
3. The coastal plain, stretched along the coast of the Kara Sea. The relief is hilly and flat. Major rivers - Pyasina, Upper and Lower Taymyr Khatanga. Tundra soils, gley and Arctic. The climate is severe, widespread permafrost. Tundra vegetation in the south - woodlands.
Average water temperature in August: +7 °C
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