Lake Ilmen is a historically important lake in the Novgorod Oblast
Lake Ilmen is a historically important lake in the Novgorod Oblast of Russia, formerly a vital part of the Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks. The city of Novgorod lies six kilometers below the lake's outflow.
According to the Max Vasmer's Etymological Dictionary, the name of the lake originates from the Finnish "Ilmaja"rvi", which means "small lake". There are many lakes in Russia with their names being derivative from Lake Ilmen.
On Lake Ilmen fish species are found such as pike, perch, chub, perch, catfish, burbot, chub, bream, roach, ide, bream, saber fish, carp, tench, ruff, eel. Fishing on Lake Ilmen summer with great success is to bait such as Popper, jig heads, Twister, lure, float gear: Worm - burdock, Donkey: on live bait and winter Obleten, jig, zherlitsy: on live bait, worm, bloodworm.
Hunting on Lake Ilmen possible for birds woodcock, goose and duck. For storage of the catch and the birds have cold chests.
We have based on a room in which you can always warm up fine, Russian billiards, bar, excellent Russian cuisine. On Lake Ilmen besides hunting and fishing, you can always enjoy the amazing beauty of nature and escape from the city. Holidays at Lake Ilmen includes boating on an unusually beautiful places.
The average surface area is 982 square kilometres (379 sq mi) (it may vary between 733 square kilometres (283 sq mi) and 2,090 square kilometres (810 sq mi) depending on water level). The lake is fed by 52 inflowing rivers, the four main ones being the Msta, the Pola, the Lovat, and the Shelon. It is drained through a single outlet, the Volkhov, into Lake Ladoga, and subsequently via the Neva into the Gulf of Finland. The source of the Volkhov is marked by the Peryn Chapel built in the 1220s.
The basin of Lake Ilmen contains vast areas in Novgorod, Pskov, and Tver Oblasts of Russia, as well as minor areas in the north of Vitebsk Region in Belarus.
The water level is regulated by the Volkhov hydroelectric plant situated downstream the Volkhov River. Water temperature in July is 19-20°C. Bathing season is about 90 days.
Lake Ilmen is navigable. Shipping lines are Veliky Novgorod – Staraya Russa and Veliky Novgorod – Shimsk. There is fishery in the lake.
The lake area was the location of an important battle during World War II, the Demyansk Pocket.
Novgorod land - lake and marsh land. To the west is the largest lake - ilmenite.
Water in ilmenite magnificent. For fish wealth Ilmen called "gold mine." Catches are astonishingly varied and many, especially beginners.
Old Russian texts preserved and other names ilmenite, as Slavic - Moyskoe sea and even ... Russian sea! In this "sea" runs 50 rivers, and one consequence - Volkhov that across Lake Ladoga or Nevo (Finnish - "swamp") joins Ilmen the Baltic Sea.
The system of the great lakes in Europe include the following waters: Saima, Onega, and Ladoga Ilmen.
The largest lake in the Novgorod region Ilmen for its magnitude is called the ancient Slavs Slovene sea. Of the approximate geometric center of the lake has not seen any of the banks. Water surface of the lake goes far beyond the horizon, creating the impression of sea. High surf at the south-west coast in windy reinforces this impression.
Ilmen - unusual lake. The basin of the lake is so shallow, and the water cycle is so fast that within a year the water in ilmenite change six times. Navigable lake. With the average length of the lake water level - 43 km, width - 33 km. Average depth - 3.4 m, maximum - 10 m water surface area, during high water increases by 3 times. Winter due to the wind so the snow is compressed into a solid neve, that it is possible to go by car.
Water in ilmenite, although it requires removal of sediment, - magnificent.
Under ice Ilmen happens, the average long-term observations from the end of November to 30 April, which is an average of 145 days. The lake bottom is covered with thick (up to 10 m) layer of lake sediments. IL for the summer warm in the winter gives off heat, increasing the temperature of the bottom water layers.
Flowage lakes, wind waves and shallow depth to saturate water with oxygen. It is rich in nutrients for fish. In the basin of the lake is found about 40 species of fish: pike, perch, pike, chub, catfish, bream, blue bream, silver bream, burbot, ide, roach, saber fish, tench, ruff, smelt, cthulhu, bleak, and others say that the fish on Lake is everywhere. For fish wealth Ilmen called "gold mine."
The forests Priilmenye under the canopy of ancient trees, live:
foxes, raccoon dogs, rabbits, squirrels, weasels, beaver, muskrat, marten, mink. There are also brown bears, lynx, wolves, wild boar, roe deer. Giants-moose, in the past almost completely destroyed by man, bred again. Of birds - geese, ducks, grouse, black grouse, grouse, quail, woodcock, snipe, sandpipers, etc..
To the south-west, and especially to the south of Ilmen distributed fertile sod-calcareous and weakly podzolic soil.
Continuing the story of the lake Ilmen and Lakeshire, to mention sledovikah-stones, the water of which heal different illnesses, and the legendary Blue-Flammable Stone, who since Sadko quietly creeping in shallow water.
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