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Lake Chebarkul is a lake in Chebarkulsky District, Russia, on the slopes of the southern Urals.

 

Lake Chebarkul is a lake in Chebarkulsky District, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, on the slopes of the southern Urals. The town of Chebarkul lies on its eastern shore, and Chelyabinsk, the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast, is located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) to the northeast. The name of the lake, and the city of the same name, comes from Turkic and means "Beautiful, colorful lake."

Mostly fed by snowmelt from mountain streams, the lake freezes in November and stays icebound until May. The lake is the source of the Koelga River, which in turn flows into the Uvelka, Uy, Tobol, Irtysh, and Ob Rivers. The Ob finally empties into the Arctic Ocean

Lake area - 19.8 square kilometers. The volume of water - 154 million cubic meters.

It stretches from north to south - 6.1 km from west to east - 5.1 km. The deepest point is located near the north-eastern tip of the peninsula Krutik. In 1992 there was the depth of 12.5 meters.

The origin of the reservoir - tectonic. Scientists attribute the appearance of the lake at the end of the last ice age, it was 11-12 thousand years ago. The banks mostly rocky, with pebble and sandy beaches, but in bays (which in the local dialect called kuryami) is often low, marshy. Kuryah muddy bottom in the winter and fish there often suffer from a lack of oxygen in the water. Among the rocks, which are found on the banks, common gneiss, quartzite, places - pyroxenites. The coastline is quite rugged. The lake is rich islands, seven. Five of them are located in the north-western part of the basin (Kopek, two brothers (2 islands), Linden, ship). Also characteristic juts far into the lake and covered with small cliffs of the peninsula (Krutik, Pine, Semerik, Bukaevsky, Marin).

Fresh water. Into the lake a few small streams and small river Kundurusha, the mouth of which - near the village Borovoye. From a nearby lake Elovoe water into the canal through the Chebarkul called Elovka. From Lake Chebarkul river flows Koelga.

Western shore of the lake is covered with coniferous and mixed forests. This Chebarkul Forest - a natural monument. Often there can be met and lime trees - a rarity for the Southern Urals. Local historian E. Rakhimov writes: "If on the western slopes of the Ural Mountains linden no surprise, then east - is a rarity." Indeed, fake trees are found only in this region on the border of the forest-steppe, usually near water. They are on all islands of Lake. Chebarkul (except on. Trout). Also - on the peninsulas Pine, Marin and Krutik. East Coast - the typical steppe, which is a meadow with a few groves of birches. On the bay and Pechische Hospital Kurian, as well as the Marin Peninsula widespread wild sea buckthorn. On the peninsula, there Semerik ash-leaved maple grove, planted in the sixties of the last century learners school number 2 in Chebarkul, participants of the first in our country school forest, led by N. Zenin honored teacher.

Aquatic vegetation - sedges, reeds. In July, the water often blooms, especially in kuryah. In this now breeding blue-green algae.

There are indications that after the last ice age, when there was a lake Chebarkul, its borders and salinity underwent great changes. Pond is advancing, then retreating. It had to do with climate change.

Local history E. Rakhimov in the book "Chebarkul edge" writes on this subject: "The water level of inter-and age-old experienced fluctuations. These oscillations are fairly well documented in the archival documents in the last 260 years, since it was built on the shore of Lake Chebarkul fortress. "

In 1914-15. Lake briefly rose even more, and then sank. In hot years 1922-25. decline of the water was so strong that the surface emerged between Mar'ina Spit peninsula and surrounding villages Malkova, and that's the spit even drove a cart pulled by horses.

Later the lake refilled. Since 1940 he is a constant measurement of water level in Chebarkul. In 1949-59 years. the water level has fallen to the level of 320.5 meters above sea level. In 1973, the fixed mark - 321.3 m above sea level. By 1990, the water level fell below 318 meters above sea level. By the time the surface of the lake, new beaches, islands, spits. In everyday people Chebarkul quickly entered the names of new places - fine sand spit, Pioneer Beach. Speaking of the water areas of the former bottom overgrown with alder and birch, develop people for recreational, pontoons, piers, moorings for boats.

Environmentalists thought that the fall of the lake is due both to lack of income in the lake water, since due to its excessive consumption. Cash-allowable withdrawal of water from the lake is 3.6 million cubic meters per year. However, water intake for the city of Chebarkul exceeded in the years that number more than doubled.

It was suggested many options Chebarkul replenishment. Digged dry by the time the channel and Kundurushi Elovka. An option for transferring water from lakes Misyash, Small Miassovo, Kialimskogo Iremelskogo and reservoirs. On heavily built aqueduct of Kambulatovskogo pond pump the more than 20 cubic meters of water. Finally, scout tanks groundwater in the vicinity of Chebarkul.

Due to snowy winters, wet years and the transfer of some businesses to artesian water sources, the water level began to rise in 2000. In 2007, the body of water entered the border in 1973 and continues to grow.

The shores of Lake Chebarkul very picturesque. It is a contemplative rest is in this region the most widespread. Bathing the most attractive is the upper half of the lake (the north-western, northern and north-eastern shore). A favorite place of recreation for residents of this cape is Chebarkul Semerik where people come to enjoy the magnificent views and sunsets. Wonderful panorama opened up with the tip of the peninsula Pine, islands penny and two brothers. In the summer the lake full of mushrooms and berries in the winter is a great place for skiing. In snowy winters frozen surface of the lake is suitable for practicing skating and curling. In snowy winters on the lake lyudu arranged snowmobiling. Chebarkulsky group of athletes in all seasons with flights over the lake on a hang glider and paraglider.

The main incentive for practicing outdoor activities in these parts - clean air.

In the reservoir is commercial fishing. Basic maintenance and stocking of fish stocks spawning. In the past, amateur fishing has been paid, at the present time there is no tour. Spawning is prohibited under the general rules of fishing in the Chelyabinsk region.

In Lake Chebarkul populated and inhabited by the following species of fish. Carp: carp, crucian carp, bream, tench, rudd. Whitefish: Whitefish, ripus, hybrids. Predators: pike, perch, pike, burbot, ide, ruff. The variety of fish are due to the presence of Chebarcul fishery.

Fishing all year. Summer (open water) fishing by both shore and from boats. Used for catching carp bottom, float, aircraft gear. Nozzles, bait plants and animals. Pike caught in coastal waters and at depth, and the depth of pike found a very large size. This uses blesnenie (spinning, trolling) and zhivtsovye tackles (circles).

Winter (on ice) fishing around the pond. The most likely fans of winter fishing rod fish perch, ruffe, rudd, bream less. Pike caught on zherlitsy blesneniem and steep. Best fishing on the first and last ice.

Note:

Lake Chebarkul big pond, and a successful fishing requires technical equipment (boat, snowmobile, navigation, sonar, etc.).

There are several wooded islands, including Grachev, Golets, the Ribatskies, and Korablik Islands. The Krutik, Marin and Nazarychev peninsulas extend into the lake. Rest homes and sanatoria are located on the shores. Lake Chebarkul is the largest of several lakes in the region, which collectively take on the name "Chebarkulsky lakes."

Fish that can be found in the lake include tench, carp, crucian carp, bream, pike, and perch.

2013 Meteor Impact

On 15 February 2013, local fishermen found a hole in the ice where a large fragment from the 2013 Russian meteor event likely struck the frozen lake. The hole was circular, and about 6 metres (20 ft) across. Police immediately cordoned off this site, as well as one other possible impact site in the area of the lake, but scientists and interested people streamed to the area to investigate. Black fragments of rock have been found around the hole, which scientists from Ural Federal University suspect are meteorite fragments, and composed of about 10% iron. However, divers have so far found no fragments from the meteorite in the lake itself. Radiation levels were tested and were found to be normal.

Although it is not yet clear if the 6 meter-wide hole in the ice of Lake Chebarkul is the result of an impact, scientists have collected 53 samples around the hole. The specimens are all under 1 cm in size and initial laboratory analysis confirmed their meteoric origin. A fragment large enough to cause the hole in the ice has yet to be found.






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