Alexander Column, one of the biggest granite monolit of the World.
The Alexander Column was designed by the French-born architect Auguste de Montferrand, built between 1830 and 1834 with Swiss-born architect Antonio Adamini, and unveiled on 30 August 1834. The monument — the tallest of its kind in the world — is 47.5 m (155 ft 8 in) tall and is topped with a statue of an angel holding a cross. The statue of the angel was designed by the Russian sculptor Boris Orlovsky. The face of the angel bears great similarity to the face of Emperor Alexander I.
The column is a single piece of red granite, 25.45 m (83 ft 6 in) long and about 3.5 m (11 ft 5 in) in diameter. The granite monolith was obtained from Virolahti, Finland and in 1832 transported by sea to Saint Petersburg, on a barge specially designed for this purpose, where it underwent further working. Without the aid of modern cranes and engineering machines, the column, weighing 600 tonnes (661 tons), was erected by 3,000 men under the guidance of William Handyside in less than 2 hours. It is set so neatly that no attachment to the base is needed.
Alexandria, Egypt, was founded in 332 BC Alexander the Great on the site of a pre-existing Greek city Naucratis. Ancient Alexandria was known stodesyatimetrovym Lighthouse and the famous library that collected all of the most famous books of the Ancient World. Of all the historical monuments of Alexandria to us unchanged reached only famous Alexander Column, because most urban neighborhoods and historic monuments of ancient Alexandria because of subsidence during the earthquake sunk in Alexandria Bay. Some researchers believe that the Alexander Column was erected next to Serapeumskim temple, which was considered the repository of the most valuable books of the Alexandrian library.
There is even a bad case that the Alexander Column, is one of the pillars remaining from the Serapeum. However, about the Library of Alexandria, the exact location of which is still not established archaeologists, I have published a separate detailed study. Near Alexander Column survived three sculptures of sphinxes and ancient catacombs where sacred bulls were buried - Apis. Alexander Column (aka Alexander Column, aka Pompeyev column), one of the most famous buildings of the ancient world. Tridtsatimetrovy Alexander Column, from a pale red marble, remained virtually unchanged to this day. Alexander Column in the south-west of Alexandria, and the city is located in the hills, so you can see the Alexander Column from almost any part of the city. images to Art. Alexander Column
Currently, Alexander Column is the main historical landmark of the city. The story of his setup is still a Masonic mystery today. According to legend, Alexander Column was built in the year 297 AD, in order to perpetuate the name of the victorious Roman general Diocletian, who put an end to hunger rebellious inhabitants of Alexandria. Legend says that in 297, the city of Alexandria rioted. And when, after a long ten-month siege of the troops of the Emperor Diocletian took the city, they were astonished prevails in hunger. But the emperor is not to punish the rebellious city, and told the people to distribute the bread.
In gratitude to the residents of Alexandria and Diocletian built a noble column of red Aswan granite. So the legend goes. In fact, the Romans always tough, as a warning to others, to suppress any uprising, and due to this, they were able to hold for a long time the Roman Empire from decay. Alexander Column height is 27 meters and the diameter at the base - 2.7 meters. It should be clarified that the Alexander Column was named Pompeyev, the Crusaders, who according to the similarity to the column of Trajan Alexandria monument named after his wife Pompeii. images5K Art. Alexander Column. Column of Trajan
But this explanation is necessary. Column of Trajan in Rome, was erected in honor of Emperor Trajan conquest of Dacia (modern Romania). Trajan repeatedly wraps stodevyanostometrovaya tape with reliefs depicting episodes of the war. Initially, the top of the column was crowned eagle, which, after the death of the emperor, was replaced by a statue of Trajan. After the death of Trajan took a special decision of the Senate to the Arc de Trajan became his tomb, for burial within the city of Rome were banned. According to the decision of the Senate, within the column was built hall, which placed the urn containing the ashes of the Emperor Trajan and his wife Pompeii Dams. Therefore Alexandria monument that looks very similar to Trajan's column, the Knights - Crusaders named for his wife - Pompeyev column. (Interestingly, the modern scholars, quite unreasonably believe that Alexander Column, the Crusaders was named in honor of the commander Gnaeus Pompey.) In 1588, by order of Pope Sixtus the Fifth statue of Trajan was replaced by a statue of St. Peter, which is in the column to date .
Trajan later became the object of fashionable imitation. Following the example of Trajan's column and Pompeyev in 1810 was erected Vendome Column. As well as the column of Trajan, it is decorated with spiral arrangement of the bas-reliefs glorifying the victory of the Emperor Napoleon. And in honor of the victory over Napoleon in the War of 1812 was built the Alexander Column in Saint Petersburg. General Masonic secret of all four pillars is that they were put on the ground of cosmic catastrophes, and, therefore, have an additional potopnuyu symbolism. After all four cities (Rome, Paris, St. Petersburg and Alexandria) were based on the ground of extraordinary cosmic catastrophes of the past. Each of these columns deserves a separate story, but I'll tell about the two, as they relate directly to the subject of our narrative. I must say that was really Alexander Column, erected in honor of Diocletian, but for a different reason. He was called to commemorate a new era of Diocletian, based on which, later, a scientist Scythian monk Dionysius Small calculated the date of Christmas, as I detail in an article on the origin of the era of the Nativity.
It was a revolutionary era of Diocletian was the reason for the erection of the Alexander Column. It was a recognition of merit and perpetuation of Diocletian. A major achievement of Diocletian is that it has taken only correct and wise decision to establish a new era, that is, new reference point for the "comet-nemesis." After all that happened during a cosmic catastrophe in 1528 BC, the offset angle of the Earth's axis, led to the collapse of all existing calendars. A new era of Diocletian eliminate all contradictions between the many civil and zodiac calendars that existed more than half a millennium, and made an orderly account Paschal (day "Passover"). Let me remind you that these differences arose as a result of what happened during the cataclysm of Crete in 1528 BC offset angle of the earth's axis by 56 arc minutes and 40 seconds.
Small and Dionysus, only copied the principle era of Diocletian, but ironically, it was determined by Dionysius Small Era of Christ later became a major era of the modern era. In general, all the reign of Emperor Diocletian and his amazing deeds deserve a separate story, and later I will discuss it in more detail. I first voiced my available information related to the Alexander Column, which is currently in Russia called Pompeyev column. But here's what's interesting. Erected in St. Petersburg Alexander Column, to celebrate the victory of Russian troops over Napoleon, the most modern scholars authors, citing a poem AS Pushkin's "Monument", ignorantly called the Alexander Column. Wild Things, of course, but that the current level of historical knowledge, and therefore, the name took root and became widely used. Let's try to sort out this issue.
The pedestal of the Alexander Column is decorated with symbols of military glory, sculpted by Giovanni Battista Scotti.
On the side of the pedestal facing the Winter Palace is a bas-relief depicting winged figures holding up a plaque bearing the words "To Alexander I from a grateful Russia". The composition includes figures representing the Neman and Vistula rivers that were associated with the events of the Patriotic War. Flanking these figures are depictions of old Russian armour - the shield of Prince Oleg of Novgorod, the helmet of Alexander Nevsky, the breastplate of Emperor Alexander I, the chainmail of Yermak Timofeyevich and other pieces recalling heroes whose martial feats brought glory to Russia.
The other three sides are decorated with bas-reliefs featuring allegorical figures of Wisdom and Abundance, Justice and Mercy, Peace and Victory, the last holding a shield bearing the dates 1812, 1813 and 1814. These compositions are enhanced by depictions of Ancient Roman military symbols and Russian armour.
The sketches for the bas-reliefs were produced by Auguste de Montferrand. He coordinated the scale of their compositions with the monumental forms of the monument. The panels were designed to the planned size by the artist Giovanni Battista Scotti. The models were produced by the sculptors Piotr Svintsov and Ivan Lepee, the ornamental embellishments by sculptor Yevgeny Balin. The casting of the bronze was done at Charles Baird's works in Saint Petersburg.
In 1952, according to some recent reports, the authorities of the Soviet Union secretly planned to replace the statue of the angel with a statue of Joseph Stalin. A historic iron fencing around the column was demolished during the Soviet period. The fencing was restored in 2002.
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